Typographical conventions are applied to text to call attention to content with significant value and empathize meaning for the content. Convention formatting includes the family, weight, size, and color of the font assigned to a particular piece of content.
Writing technical documents can be confusing when describing a process or task that combines computer skill vernacular with your subject vernacular such as a biomedical or manufacturing process. Writers need a way to help clarify their meaning among the combined subjects in a distinguishable, meaningful way. This is where typographical conventions can help.
Typographical conventions are formats applied to text that add specific meaning to the content. Such formats as italic for section or document titles, colored text to indicate cross-reference hyperlink, or boldface to indicate a term located in a glossary. Using a different font in the body text is also common, for instance using Courier font to identify computer code or characters typed in a form field or a san serif font used to identify computer window title shown on screen.
Below are some examples commonly used conventions in technical documents.
Whatever textual formats you choose, document the convention style and use consistently throughout your content. Also, search the Internet for “typographical conventions” and see how text is formatted throughout various industries and choose a style that best suits your documents.